Most of Indian population belongs to rural part, out of which people 40 years are suffering from “cracked heels” or “heel fissure”.
Generally heel fissure is a fissure in epidermis part of heels, however when this fissure reaches deep into dermis which is very painful, sometimes blood may ooze out.
Causes of heel fissure or cracked heels are:
1. Zinc deficiency: Around 1/3 of world population is suffering from Zinc deficiency which can be due to nutritional deficiency (major factor), malabsorption syndrome, diarrhea, acrodermatitis entropathica (congenital disease due to Zn deficiency), chronic liver disease, renal diseases, malignancies.
Symptoms of zinc deficiency includes hair loss, diarrhea, skin lesions, eyesight, taste and memory impairment.
If you have white spot on your nails ( Leukonychia ) click to see the photograph or lines that means you are suffering from zinc def.
Zinc deficiency also masks your appetite which leads to anorexia nervosa, zinc masks appetite due to release of leptins which acts on receptors in the hypothalamus of the brain where they inhibit appetite.
2. Omega-3 fatty acid deficiency.
Symptoms of Cracked Heels
Peeling of skin or cracks in skin, red or flanky patches, itching or bleeding or pus discharge.
Home Treatment of Cracked Heels
1. Wash your foots and heels, dry them with cloth, now apply hydrogenated vegetable oil and wear socks after that.
2. Take a ripe banana apply pulp of banana in cracked heels for 10 minutes and wash the heels by rinsing. Click to see the chart of nutrients present in common fruits.
Medical Treatment of Craked Heels or Heel Fissure
Do the debridement of heels are remove hard skin and apply moisterizer and prescribe antibiotic course so that infection may not take place.