Tonsillitis is the inflammation of tonsils, due to infection by bacteria or viruses, often accompanied by sore throat with fever.
Below are the photographs showing unilateral and bilateral tonsillitis, tonsillitis is divided into 1. acute tonsillitis and 2. chronic tonsillitis.
Signs and Symptoms: patient will come to you with complains of fever, sore throat, difficulty in eating and swallowing, head ache, muscle pain and it is characterized by signs of red, swollen tonsils which may have a white patches or coatings.
Treatment : includes antibiotics mostly azithromycin 500 mg in adults taken once a day for 3 days, accompanied by hot water gargles + use of mouthwash and symptomatic relief from pain and fever.
Important: Do not allow children to take Aspirin because Reye Syndrome may occur when tonsillitis is due to viral infection.
See the close view of tonsil in case of tonsillitis.
If you are recurrently suffering from tonsillitis, more than 4 episodes per year, you should go for tonsillectomy surgery.